In the years after the end of the cold war the Arctic became a region characterized by marked climate and environmental transformation due to the melting icecap. The result is new seaways, new possibilities for extracting mineral and energy resources and fishing conditions and new incentives for development, but also a global wake- up call for focusing on the negative consequences of climate change. The Arctic became a region for intense international cooperation not least concerning development and scientific research and as such appeared as a region of international low tension. Recently the Arctic, however, has regained some of its crucial international strategic position from the cold war period. Many Asian countries have for some time been involved in Arctic affairs, most prominently China. China published a comprehensive Arctic strategy in 2018. It was met by heavy reactions from the United States and other Arctic states.The paper intents to examine China´s intentions and interests in the Arctic and the negative and positive reactions to this policy from the Arctic countries. Using neorealism and action-reaction theories the paper will explain the international politics outcome of the process.